What is Linux? Many of the devices you own probably, such as Android phones, digital storage devices, personal video recorders, cameras, wearables, and more, run on Linux. Even your car has Linux running in its controllers.
Linux has been around since mid 90’s. since then it reached a user base spanning wide regions. Linux is in your cars, phones, and refrigerators.Linux was (and still is) one of the most reliable, secure, and worry-free operating systems available, before it became the platform to run desktops, servers, and embedded systems across the globe.
Worry not-here is all the information you need to get up to speed on the Linux platform.
Linux is the best-known and most-used open source operating system. As an operating system, Linux is software that sits underneath all of the other software on a computer, receiving requests from those programs and relaying these requests to the computer’s hardware
The term “Linux” is generally used to refer to the Linux kernel, but also the set of programs, tools, and services that are included together with the Linux kernel to provide all of the components of an operating system. Some people, specially members of the Free Software Foundation, refer to this collection as GNU/Linux, for the reson many of the tools included are GNU components. But there are operating systems which does not include GNU tools and components as a part of their operating system. Android, for example, uses a Linux kernel but uses its own tool. And so does Redhat.
How is Linux different from other Operating Systems?
Like other operating systems, may have graphical interface, and types of software you are used to on other operating systems, such as office tool, have Linux variants. In many cases, you wil find Linux version of the same program you use on other systems. If you use a computer or other electronic device, you can use Linux.
But Linux is also different from other OS platforms in various ways. First of all, Linux is open source software. The source code which is used to create Linux is free and available to the public to edit, view, and—for users with the advance skills—to contribute to.
Though the core components of the Linux operating system are generally common, there are distributions of Linux, which have different software options. It makes Linux is highly customizable, because not just applications, such as text editors and web browsers, can be swapped out. Linux users also can choose core components, such as CLI or GUI, and other user-interface components.
Who are the Linux users?
Chances are you’re probably already using Linux, whether you know it or not. Between one- and two-thirds of the webpages on the Internet are generated by servers running above Linux.
The Companies and individuals prefer Linux for their servers because for its security features, and one can get excellent support from a large community of users. Also companies like Canonical, SUSE, and Red Hat, offer commercial support.
How was Linux created?
Linux was created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds, a student at the University of Helsinki. Torvalds built linux as a free and open source alternative of minix, a Unix based OS that was popularly used in academic setups. He originally wanted to name it “Freax,” but the server administrator Torvalds used to distribute the original code named his directory “Linux” after a combination of Torvalds’ first name and the word Unix, and the name remained.
How can start using Linux?
Chances are you’re using Linux already and not aware of it, but if you want to install Linux on your home computer for a try out, the easiest way is to pick a popular linux distribution that is designed for your hardware type (for example, laptop or tablet device) and give it a shot. Although there are several distributions on the internet, most of the older, well-known distributions are good choices for beginners because of its large user communities that can help troubleshoot if you get stuck somewhere. Popular distributions include Debian, Fedora, Mint, and Ubuntu, but there are many others.